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英语四级选词填空题破解攻略

2015年10月07日 11:49  点击:[]

 在四六级考试中有这样一个题型:它出现在阅读题第一部分,分值不大,却成为我们往后继续做题不可逾越的沟壑,它就是带方框的选择题--选词填空。

  我们来一起看看这个题型:选词填空。这种题型的特点是给你一篇大约300词左右的文章,里面挖了10个空,给出15个备选单词,从中挑出10个符合原文的单词。这种题的做题方法在新东方暑期的基础强化冲刺班中是重点讲解的部分,以这篇文章为例:

  第一步:看看填空处左边是否有特殊符号,比如:a, an, the, 介词,形容词等等,如果有就不能选动词。如果填空处左边是情态动词的话就必须选动词原形。换句话说,需要掌握最基本的语法知识来大致确认该空的词性。

  第二步:结合上下文,选出最终单词。

  看一下40题:40前面是an,后面是relationship所以能很快确定下来应当选个形容词,选哪个形容词需要看看上下文,这句话说的是给读者足够的时间去和作者建立一种____关系,两者____到一种长期、热情的对话当中,就像人们谈恋爱一样。根据前后意思,如果像恋爱的话就得是亲密关系,所以40题选I; 那么两者要怎么到一种对话当中呢?根据所给单词,只有一个比较符合,就是engaged, 并且41题后面还有一个介词in, 更加确信应当是engaged in"参与"。

  有的时候固定搭配也能帮助解题,我还想在说说第44题,observing young people's ______ to digital devices. 年轻人____数字设备。

  先看一个例句:some girl's attachment to her boyfriends, 一些女孩儿依恋于他们的男朋友。

  所以这道题根据加粗的部分的提示,应当选attachment.

  To understand why we should be concerned about how young people read, it helps to know something about the way the ability to read evolved. Unlike the ability to understand and produce spoken language, the ability to read must be painstakingly 36 by each individual. The "reading circuits" we construct in the brain can be 37 or they can be robust, depending on how often and how 38 we use them.

  The deep reader enters a state of hypnotic trance(心醉神迷的状态). When readers are enjoying the experience the most, the pace of their reading 39 slows. The combination of fast, fluent decoding of words and slow, unhurried progress on the page gives deep readers time to enrich their reading with reflection and analysis. It gives them time to establish an 40 relationship with the author, the two of them 41 in a long and warm conversation like people falling in love.

  This is not reading as many young people know it. Their reading is instrumental the difference between what literary critic Frank Kermode calls "carnal (肉体的) reading" and "spiritual reading." If we allow our offspring to believe carnal reading is all there is - if we don't open the door to spiritual reading, through an early 42 on discipline and practice - we will have 43 them of an enjoyable experience they would not otherwise encounter. Observing young people's 44 to digital devices, some progressive educators talk about "meeting kids where they are, molding instruction around their onscreen habits. This is mistaken." We need, 45, to show them someplace they've never been, a place only deep reading can take them.

  A) acquired I) intimate

  B) actually J) notwithstanding

  C) attachment K) petition

  D) cheated L) rather

  E) engaged M) scarcely

  F) feeble N) swayed

  G) illicit O) vigorously

  H) insistence

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